H. Gilbert Welch, MD, MPH
An internationally recognized expert on the effects of medical screening and over-diagnosis
Dr. Gilbert Welch’s work is leading many patients and physicians think carefully about what leads to good health. For Welch, the answer is often “less testing” and “less medicine” with more emphasis on non-medical factors, such as diet, exercise, and finding purpose in life.
Welch’s research examines the problems created by medicine’s efforts to detect disease early: physicians test too often, treat too aggressively, and tell too many people that they are sick. Most of his work has focused on overdiagnosis in cancer screening: in particular, screening for melanoma, thyroid, breast, and prostate cancer. He is the author of three books: Less Medicine, More Health: 7 Assumptions That Drive Too Much Health Care (2015), Overdiagnosed: Making People Sick in the Pursuit of Health(2012), and Should I Be Tested for Cancer? (2006). His op-eds on health care have appeared in numerous national media outlets, including the Los Angeles Times, The New York Times, the Washington Post, and the Wall Street Journal.
Welch is a professor of medicine at the Geisel School of Medicine, an adjunct professor of business administration at the Tuck School of Business, and an adjunct professor of public policy at Dartmouth College. He has initiated and taught courses on health policy, biostatistics, and the science of inference.
In this episode, the following topics are discussed:
Dra. Gabriela Brenta, M.D., Ph.D.
Docente de post grado de la Universidad Favaloro y de las carreras de Especialista en Endocrinología así como de Bioquímica Clínica dependientes de Universidad de Buenos Aires. Médica adscripta en el Servicio de Endocrinología y Metabolismo de la Unidad Asistencial Dr. César Milstein de Buenos Aires, Sector Tiroides. Presidente del Comité Científico de la Sociedad Latinoamericana de Tiroides. Miembro del Dpto. de Tiroides de la Sociedad Argentina de Endocrinología y Metabolismo. Su área de investigación clínica abarca el efecto cardiovascular y metabólico de las hormonas tiroides.
En esta entrevista, discutimos los siguientes temas:
In this episode we hear from Doug, and 37 year old, male patient of Hashimoto's. Discussed, are the following topics:
In this interview, the following topics are discussed:
Thyroid Change Resources
In this episode, we visit with Carla. She had thyroid cancer surgery. During the interview, we discuss:
Dr. Eduardo Faure
Especialista en Endocrinología. UBA
Médico egresado de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Especialista en Endocrinología egresado de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Buenos Aires. Especialista recertificado por AMA (Asociación Médica Argentina) / SAEM (Sociedad Argentina de Endocrinología y Metabolismo) años 2003 y 2009. Realizó su formación como Endocrinólogo en el Servicio de Endocrinología del Complejo Médico PFA Churruca-Visca. Buenos Aires. Argentina. Se sub-especializó en el área de Tiroides. Actualmente se desempeña como Médico de Planta del Servicio de Endocrinología del Complejo Médico PFA Churruca-Visca. Es Jefe de la Sección Tiroides de dicho Servicio. Sus trabajos de investigación se basan fundamentalmente en Tiroides.
Fue docente de Fisiología de la Cátedra de Fisiología Humana de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Es docente de la Carrera de Médicos Especialistas en Endocrinología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires. Es colaborador Docente de la Unidad Docente Hospitalaria “Churruca-Visca” dependiente de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Buenos Aires. Fue docente estable de la Carrera de Especialización en Endocrinología Ginecológica y de la Reproducción en la Universidad Favaloro. Es Miembro Activo de las siguientes sociedades: Sociedad Argentina de Endocrinología y Metabolismo y de la Sociedad Latinoamericana de Tiroides. Forma parte del Departamento de Tiroides de la Sociedad Argentina de Endocrinología y Metabolismo. Es invitado por Sociedades Nacionales e Internacionales como disertante en temas relacionados con Tiroides. Ex Director de la Sociedad Latinoamericana de Tiroides (LATS). Chair de la Educational Task Force de la Sociedad Latinoamericana de Tiroides (LATS).
Durante este episodio, escuchamos más detalles sobre lo siguiente:
Professor Akira Miyauchi (Figure 1) is President and COO of Kuma Hospital, Center of Excellence in Thyroid Care, Kobe, Japan. He is a Japanese endocrine surgeon, and a pioneer in active surveillance, and visionary in regard to treatment of thyroid cancer. World renowned researcher, and lecturer. As the associate professor of the Department of Surgery, Kagawa Medical University, he proposed and initiated a clinical trial of active surveillance for low-risk papillary micro cancer in collaboration with Kuma Hospital in 1993. In 2001, he was appointed the President of Kuma Hospital. Since then, he has been keen on the study of evaluating treatments for papillary micro cancer, observation versus surgery.
During this episode, the following topics are discussed:
Total cost of surgery is 4.1x the cost compared to the cost of active surveillance. In the U.S., the cost is higher.
By providing patient an active surveillance brochure prior to FNA, they are more open to not proceeding with surgery for small thyroid cancer management.
Patient voice restores to near normal when repair of laryngeal nerve is done correctly. All surgeons should be executing this to perfection.
When doing next stretches one-day post surgery, patients report feeling much better and less pain, even one year after surgery.
Protocol for delaying surgery depends on the patient’s age. Older patients are less likely to require surgery. 75% of patients will not require surgery for their lifetime.
PAPERS and RESEARCH
Ezra Cohen, MD, is a board-certified oncologist and cancer researcher. He cares for patients with all types of head and neck cancers, including esophageal, thyroid and salivary gland cancers.
Dr. Cohen is also an internationally recognized expert on novel cancer therapies and heads the Solid Tumor Therapeutics program at Moores Cancer Center. Much of his work has focused on squamous cell carcinomas and cancers of the thyroid, salivary gland, and HPV-related oropharyngeal cancers. As a physician-scientist, he is especially interested in developing novel therapies and understanding mechanisms of sensitivity or resistance; cancer screening; and using medication and other agents to delay or prevent cancer (chemoprevention). He was recently appointed chair of the National Cancer Institute Head and Neck Cancer Steering Committee, which oversees NCI-funded clinical research in this disease.
Dr. Cohen is editor-in-chief of Oral Oncology, the most respected specialty journal in head and neck cancer. A frequent speaker at national and international meetings, he has authored more than 120 peer-reviewed papers and has been the principal investigator of multiple clinical trials of new drugs in all phases of development.
In this episode, topics include:
Kimberly Vanderveen, MD is a Colorado native and graduate of Bear Creek High School in Lakewood, CO. She received her bachelor’s degree with honors from Muhlenberg College in Allentown, PA. She then earned her medical degree from Northwestern University in Chicago, IL in 2001. Dr. Vanderveen completed her surgical residency at UC-Davis in Sacramento, CA. During her residency, she also obtained a master's degree in Clinical Research and was actively involved in cancer research and education. After her surgical training, Dr. Vanderveen completed a fellowship in Endocrine Surgery at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN. She is knowledgeable in both medical and surgical aspects of endocrine diseases. She specializes in surgery for diseases of the thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands and is a high volume neck and adrenal surgeon.
In this episode, the following topics are discussed:
Bryan McIver, MD, PhD
Dr. McIver contributes to Moffitt Cancer Center almost 20 years of clinical experience in the care of patients with endocrine diseases, specializing in the evaluation of patients with thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. He has a particular interest in the management of patients with advanced and aggressive forms of cancer and the role of genetic and molecular techniques to improve the accuracy of diagnosis; to tailor appropriate treatment to a patientdisease. Dr. McIver has a long-standing basic research interest in the genetic regulation of growth, invasion and spread of thyroid tumors of all types. His primary research focus is the use of molecular and genetic information to more accurately diagnose thyroid cancer and to predict outcomes in the disease. Dr. McIver received his MB ChB degree from the University of Edinburgh Medical School in Scotland. He completed an Internal Medicine residency at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, followed by a clinical fellowship and clinical investigator fellowship in Endocrinology at the School of Graduate Medical Education at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN. Prior to joining Moffitt, he was employed as Professor and Consultant at the Mayo Clinic and Foundation in the Division of Endocrinology & Metabolism. Amongst his most proud accomplishments, Dr. McIver counts his two commitment to education of medical students, residents and fellows; his involvement as a founding member of the World Congress on Thyroid Cancer, an international conference held every four years; and his appointment as a member of the Endowed and Master Clinician Program at the Mayo Clinic, recognizing excellence in patient care.
In this episode, the follwoiung
A native of Saskatchewan, Canada, Dr. Kaptein began teaching at the Keck School of Medicine in the Endocrinology Division in 1977. She became a tenured Professor of Medicine in 1990, a position she currently holds. Dr. Kaptein is a distinguished member of the Western Society for Clinical Investigation, American Society of Nephrology, the Endocrine Society and the American Thyroid Association. An accomplished researcher and lecturer, Dr. Kaptein has been invited to speak on the topics of Endocrinology and Nephrology in such cities as Montreal, Milan, Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Vienna and Rotterdam, to name a few.
In this interview, Dr. Kaptein discusses the need to consider each patient before making treatment decisions. In some cases, this may mean foregoing the removal of cancerous lymph nodes.
Carmelo Nucera, M.D., Ph.D., is currently an Assistant Professor at Harvard Medical School, Boston, in the Division of Cancer Biology and Angiogenesis (Department of Pathology), Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Dr. Nucera received his M.D. and Ph.D. in Experimental Endocrinology and Metabolism from Italy.
Dr. Nucera is highly driven by an intense desire to make important contributions that will directly benefit patients. Dr. Nucera is strongly committed to make discovery aimed to immediately cure patients that are suffering with aggressive tumors and rare/orphan cancer disease.
Dr. Nucera has a clinical background and intensely served patients with fatal human diseases.
In this episode, Dr. Nucera discusses a combination drug therapy using vemurafenib and palbociclib represents a novel therapeutic strategy to treat papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).
Dr. Angela M. Leung is an Assistant Professor of Medicine at the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine and an endocrinologist at both UCLA and the VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System.
After pursuing her undergraduate studies at Occidental College, Dr. Leung completed her internal medicine residency and endocrinology fellowship training at Boston University School of Medicine. She also studied at the Boston University School of Public Health and obtained a master's degree in Epidemiology.
Dr. Leung has particular clinical and research interests in thyroid disorders, and she also sees patients regarding parathyroid and adrenal disorders. She has published widely and lectures frequently on thyroid disease, including hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer, and thyroid disease during pregnancy.
In this episode, the following topics are explained:
Dr. Paul Y. Casanova-Romero, M.D., M.P.H., F.A.C.P., F.A.C.E, E.C.N.U, que se unió a Palm Beach Diabetes y Endocrine Specialists en 2012, recibió su grado médico con honores (Summa Cum Laude) y Doctor en Ciencias Médicas (DMSc), de la Universidad de Zulia, la Escuela de Medicina en Venezuela. Posteriormente se unió a la facultad de su Alma Mater y en 1998, el Grupo de Investigación del Programa de Prevención de la Diabetes (D.P.P.) en el Instituto de Investigación de la Diabetes-Universidad de Miami. Completó su posgrado en Medicina Interna y Endocrinología (Jackson Memorial Hospital) y estudios de postgrado en Salud Pública (M.P.H.) con el Premio de Mérito Académico en la Universidad de Miami.
Un consultor privado endocrinólogo y orador nacional desde 2006, el Dr. Paul Y. Casanova-Romero de investigación extensa sobre la prevención de la diabetes, trastornos de la tiroides, síndrome metabólico y otros trastornos endocrinos han sido ampliamente publicadas. Sigue colaborando en estudios de investigación en Estados Unidos y Latinoamérica, el más reciente en pruebas moleculares de tiroides. El Dr. Casanova-Romero está certificado por la Junta en Medicina Interna, así como en Endocrinología, Diabetes y Metabolismo. Es miembro del Colegio Americano de Endocrinología (F.A.C.E.) y miembro del Colegio Americano de Médicos (F.A.C.P.). Actualmente es profesor voluntario de medicina en la Universidad de Miami.
Dr. Paul Y. Casanova-Romero se especializa en el tratamiento de la enfermedad de la tiroides incluyendo nódulos tiroideos, hipotiroidismo, hipertiroidismo y cáncer de tiroides, enfermedad paratiroidea, diabetes, pre-diabetes, trastornos lipídicos y otros trastornos endocrinos. Él ha estado usando la prueba molecular para la caracterización de los nódulos de la tiroides desde 2010. Él ha satisfecho con éxito los requisitos para la certificación endocrina en el ultrasonido del cuello (ECNU) para realizar la biopsia internamente guiada por ultrasonido de la aspiración de la aguja fina de nódulos de tiroides, de la paratiroides, nodos.
Es miembro del panel de membresía de la American Thyroid Association, miembro activo de la Endocrine Society, la Asociación Americana de Endocrinólogos Clínicos, la American Diabetes Association, el American College of Physicians y la National Lipid Association.
En esta entrevista hablamos sobre esta temas:
Dr. Brady was named director of endocrine surgery for the new medical school in Austin. She was also recently chosen to teach general surgeons seeking additional training in endocrine surgery. Dr. Brady instructs these endocrine surgeons from the Baylor Scott and White fellowship program.
In this episode the following topics are discussed:
Dr. Lisa Sardinia is an associate professor in the Pacific University Biology Department. She received a B.S. in Biology from Whitworth College, a Ph.D. in Microbiology from Montana State University and a J.D. from the University of California, Hastings College of the Law.
Following graduate school, she was awarded a National Cancer Institute research fellowship at the University of California, San Francisco studying molecular genetics.
At Pacific University, she teaches Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Basic Science for Optometry and Human Genetics for Physician Assistants. She has been the recipient of the Thomas J. and Joyce Holce Endowed Professorship in Science and the S.S. Johnson Foundation Award for Excellence in Teaching at Pacific University.
In the episode, we discuss:
Dr. Susanne Breen is a board certified naturopathic physician. She completed her medical training at the National University of Natural Medicine (NUNM) after initial medical studies at the Oregon Health Sciences University in conventional medicine. Healing, she discovered, required more than medication or even natural remedies. Her inspiration came from her advanced studies at NUNM in gastroenterology, including Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO), where she learned about the root causes of her personal health challenges. She read Breaking the Vicious Cycle, changed her diet, found direction from practitioners and started her path to health. She brings her personal experience and training to help others do the same.
Dr. Breen completed a residency with Dr. Gary Weiner at Pearl Natural Health and continues to see patients at this location. Her training and expertise in the areas of IBD/IBS, thyroid health, bio-identical hormones, gynecology, IV therapy, herbal, nutritional and lifestyle changes offers people a holistic, integrative and comprehensive model of care.
Dr. Breen is a wife and mother of two children. She enjoys living in the Pacific Northwest where she hikes, snow skis, and gardens. She has a special love for animals, including her two cats, fermented foods and Tabata workouts.
In this episode, the following topics are discussed:
Dr. Gerard Doherty, an acclaimed endocrine surgeon, is a graduate of Holy Cross and the Yale School of Medicine. He completed residency training at UCSF, including Medical Staff Fellowship at the National Cancer Institute. Dr. Doherty joined Washington University School of Medicine in 1993, and became Professor of Surgery in 2001. In 2002 he became Head of General Surgery and the Norman W. Thompson Professor of Surgery at the University of Michigan, where he also served as the General Surgery Program Director and Vice Chair of the Department of Surgery. From 2012 to 2016, Dr. Doherty was the Utley Professor and Chair of Surgery at Boston University and Surgeon-in-Chief at Boston Medical Center before becoming Moseley Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School, and Surgeon-in-Chief at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.
Dr. Doherty was trained in Surgical Oncology, and has practiced the breadth of that specialty, including as founder and co-director of the Breast Health Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital. His clinical and administrative work was integral in the establishment of the Siteman Cancer Center at Washington University. Since joining the University of Michigan in 2002, he has focused mainly on surgical diseases of the thyroid, parathyroid, endocrine pancreas and adrenal glands as well as the surgical management of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndromes. He has devoted substantial effort to medical student and resident education policy. His bibliography includes over 300 peer-reviewed articles, reviews and book chapters, and several edited books.
He currently serves as President of the International Association of Endocrine Surgeons, Past-President of the American Association of Endocrine Surgeons, Editor-in-Chief of VideoEndocrinology and Reviews Editor of JAMA Surgery. He is a director of the Surgical Oncology Board of the American Board of Surgery.
In this episode, the following topics are discussed:
Dr. Alan Farwell is an endocrinologist, Director of the Endocrine Clinics at Boston Medical Center, and Associate Professor of Medicine at Boston University School of Medicine, in Massachusetts.
In addition to his extensive academic and clinical activities, Dr. Farwell has been extremely active and served in multiple capacities in the ATA, including as Chair of the Education Committee and the Patient Education and Advocacy Committee, and as a member of the Program Committee and the Website Task Force Publications Committee. He has served two terms on the ATA Board of Directors, is the founding and current Chair of the ATA Alliance for Patient Education.
Dr. Farwell has been an Associate Editor and member of the Editorial Board of Thyroid, and since 2009 has been Editor-in-Chief of Clinical Thyroidology for the Public.
In this interview, we discuss the following topics:
Dr. Wartofsky is Professor of Medicine, Georgetown University School of Medicine and Chairman Emeritus, Department of Medicine, MedStar Washington Hospital Center. He trained in internal medicine at Barnes Hospital, Washington University and in endocrinology with Dr. Sidney Ingbar, Harvard University Service, Thorndike Memorial Laboratory, Boston. Dr. Wartofsky is past President of both the American Thyroid Association and The Endocrine Society. He is the editor of books on thyroid cancer for both physicians and for patients, and thyroid cancer is his primary clinical focus. He is the author or coauthor of over 350 articles and book chapters in the medical literature, is recent past Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, and is the current Editor-in-Chief of Endocrine Reviews.
In this episode, Dr. Wartofsky discusses the following:
Dr. José A. Hakim realiza más de 400 cirugías al año. Es cirujano general. Especialista en cirugía de cabeza y cuello en relación con el cáncer.
En este entrevista, hablamos sobre:
Dr. Shaha specializes in head and neck surgery, with a particular interest in thyroid and parathyroid surgery. He uses an algorithm of selective thyroid tumor criteria (the size, location, stage and type of cancer, along with the patient’s age), to tailor therapy to each individual’s circumstances. This can help thyroid cancer patients avoid unnecessary and potentially damaging over-treatment, while still providing the best option for control of their cancer and better quality of life after treatment. Dr. Shaha works very closely with Memorial Sloan Ketterings’ endocrinologists to monitor the careful post-treatment hormone balancing necessary for thyroid cancer patients. Many academic hospitals and medical societies worldwide have invited Dr. Shaha to speak on the principles of targeted thyroid surgery and to share his expertise in the treatment of head and neck cancers.
In this interview, topics include:
Many centers from around the world want to know how Memorial Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center treats thyroid cancer. A key member of the MSKCC is Dr. Michael Tuttle.
During this interview, Dr. Tuttle discusses the following points:
About Dr. Tuttle, in his words:
I am a board-certified endocrinologist who specializes in caring for patients with advanced thyroid cancer. I work as part of a multidisciplinary team including surgeons, pathologists, radiologists, nuclear medicine specialists, and radiation oncologists that provides individualized care to patients treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering for thyroid cancer.
In addition to treating patients I am also actively researching new treatments for advanced thyroid cancer. I am a professor of medicine at the Joan and Sanford I. Weill Medical College of Cornell University and travel extensively both in the US and abroad, lecturing on the difficult issues that sometimes arise in the management of patients with thyroid cancer. My research projects in radiation-induced thyroid cancer have taken me from Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands to the Hanford Nuclear power-plant in Washington State to regions in Russia that were exposed to fallout from the Chernobyl accident.
I am an active member of the American Thyroid Association (ATA) and the Endocrine Society. In addition to serving on the ATA committee that produced the current guidelines for the management of benign and malignant nodules, I am also a Chairman of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Thyroid Cancer Panel, a consultant to the Endocrinologic and Metabolic Drugs Advisory Committee of the FDA, and a consultant to the Chernobyl Tissue Bank.
In this episode, topics include:
Dr. Pearce received her undergraduate and medical degrees from Harvard and a masters’ degree in epidemiology from the Boston University School of Public Health. She completed her residency in internal medicine at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and her fellowship in endocrinology at the Boston University Medical Center. She is currently an Associate Professor of Medicine at Boston University School of Medicine. She has served as a member of the board of directors of the American Thyroid Association and is currently on the management council of the Iodine Global Network. She recently co-chaired the ATA’s Thyroid in Pregnancy Guidelines Task Force. She was the 2011 recipient of the ATA’s Van Meter Award for outstanding contributions to research on the thyroid gland.
Dr. Hernán Tala es endocrinólogo de la Clinica Alemana en Santiago, Chile. Su area especialidad incluye cáncer de tiroides avanzado, endocrinologia general, y enfermedades tiroides.
Los temas presentados incluyen:
American Thyroid Association (español)