One-third of all thyroid nodule fine needle aspirations come back indeterminate. When surgery is performed on these cases, pathology of the thyroid reveals that many times the nodule is benign. Through molecular profiling, patients with indeterminate thyroid nodules, can now avoid unnecessary surgery and get more accurate pathology results from the fine needle aspiration.
Are you a patient and your doctor has said your thyroid nodule is indeterminate and is recommending surgery as an option? The key is, to confirm that molecular profiling was performed.
Jennifer Kuo, MD is Director of the Thyroid Biopsy Program, Director of the Endocrine Surgery Research Program, and Instructor in Surgery, at the Columbia University Medical Center. Dr. Kuo received her medical degree from the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University and completed surgical training at the University of California, Davis Medical Center, in Sacramento. Her new position follows completion of her clinical fellowship in the Department of Surgery, Division of Endocrine Surgery. Dr. Kuo has clinical expertise in minimally invasive endocrine surgery and fine-needle thyroid biopsy and is dedicated to the advancement of the field of endocrine surgery.
RELATED DOCTOR THYROID EPISODES
I sometimes get asked, why am I doing this podcast?
What started out as a pet project is now being listened to in over 30 countries and with as many as 20000 downloads per episode. So far, thyroid patients are embracing the opportunity to hear from the world’s leading thyroid doctors, and gaining the information needed to make better decisions related to health.
So why did I start Doctor Thyroid?
My motivation for doing this podcast is to help patients avoid bad experiences related to thyroid cancer and thyroid disease, including bad surgery. And, provide resources to help make better health decisions and improve quality of life.
My thyroid surgery resulted in errors, which have downgraded my quality of life significantly. Knowing what I know now, I would have picked a different surgeon, or chosen no surgery at all. Because, as this interview will discuss, although perceived as safe, thyroid surgery is not without risks.
To be published next month, new research reveals thyroid surgery errors are five times more likely than previously reported.
The study was conducted by Dr. Maria Papaleontiou. She is an Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine with an appointment in the Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes. She graduated medical school from the prestigious Charles University in the Czech Republic and subsequently spent several years conducting research at the Geriatrics Division at Weill Cornell Medical College. She then completed her internal medicine residency at Saint Peter’s University Hospital in New Jersey and her endocrinology fellowship at the University of Michigan. She joined the faculty at the University of Michigan in 2013. She is a recipient of Fulbright and Howard Hughes Medical Institute scholarships. Dr. Papaleontiou’s practice focuses on thyroid disorders and thyroid cancer. She is especially interested in the treatment of endocrine disorders in older adults. She also conducts health services research in the field of thyroidology and aging.
RELATED DOCTOR THYROID INTERVIEWS
Dr. Rashika Bansal is a PGY-2 resident in Internal Medicine at St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center in Paterson, NJ. Her major research has been with diabetes prevalence and awareness in rural India, with special interest in thyroid disease.
In this episode Dr. Bansal shares the research she presented at AACE 2017 and ENDO 2017, regarding the poor readability scores for thyroid cancer web sites.
The challenge for these web sites and health institutions is to translate thyroid education from complex to simple and easy to understand. Currently, many patients are not following with treatment, citing confusion after being exposed to the various thyroid cancer education resources.
In this interview, items discussed include:
Dr. Ralph P. Tufano is the Director of the Division of Head and Neck Endocrine Surgery at The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and conducts thyroid and parathyroid surgery with a focus on optimizing outcomes. He is a recognized world authority on the management of thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules, benign thyroid diseases and parathyroid disease. He has expertise in the management of thyroid cancer nodal metastases, advanced and invasive thyroid cancers as well as recurrent thyroid cancers. His work in molecular markers, improving surgical outcomes, nerve monitoring and exploring novel treatment techniques for thyroid and parathyroid diseases has helped the medical field tailor and personalize treatment for patients with these conditions. He is a Charles W. Cummings Professor, sits on the American Thyroid Association Board of Directors, is Director of the Division of Head and Neck Endocrine Surgery, and is a part of the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. He conducts approximately 450 thyroid surgeries annually.
Antonio Bianco, MD, PhD, is head of the division of Endocrinology and Metabolism at Rush University Medical Center. Dr. Bianco also co-chaired an American Thyroid Association task force that updated the guidelines for treating hypothyroidism.
Dr. Bianco’s research has revealed the connection between thyroidectomy, hypothyroidism symptoms, and T4-only therapy. Although T4-only therapy works for the majority, others report serious symptoms. Listen to this segment to hear greater detail in regard to the following topics:
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is a program of studies designed to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. The survey is unique in that it combines interviews and physical examinations.